The Islamic ‘Uighurs’ from China’s far northwest Xinjian region are renowned for their music and dance traditions. Best known among these are the On ikki muqam; twelve classical song-and-dance suites. Instruments used include fiddles, plucked lutes (dutar, tanbur), dulcimer and the ass-hide drum (dap). Melodies are highly ornamented and generally built on a seven-note scale.
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