Tina Turner (born Anna Mae Bullock; November 26, 1939) is an American-born Swiss singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress. Turner rose to international prominence as a featured singer with Ike Turner‘s Kings of Rhythm before recording hit singles both with Ike and as a solo performer. One of the world’s best-selling artists of all time, she has been referred to as The Queen of Rock ‘n’ Rolland has sold more than 200 million records worldwide to date. She is noted for her energetic stage presence, powerful vocals, and career longevity. Turner held a Guinness World Record for the largest paid audience (180,000) for a solo performer.
Anna Mae Bullock was born to a small family in Nutbush, Tennessee. Growing up throughout the Southeastern United States, she began singing in local church choirs. She began her career in 1958 as a featured singer with Ike Turner‘s Kings of Rhythm, first recording under the name “Little Ann”. Her introduction to the public as Tina Turner began in 1960 as a member of the Ike & Tina Turner Revue. Success followed with a string of notable hits credited to the duo, including “A Fool in Love“,“It’s Gonna Work Out Fine“, “River Deep – Mountain High” (1966), “Proud Mary” (1971), and “Nutbush City Limits” (1973), a song that she wrote. In her autobiography, I, Tina (1986), she revealed several instances of severe domestic abuse against her by Ike Turner prior to their 1976 split and subsequent 1978 divorce. Raised a Baptist, she became an adherent of Nichiren Buddhism in 1973, crediting the spiritual chant of Nam Myoho Renge Kyo, which Tina says helped her to endure during difficult times.
It was while both musicians were touring the United States with AWB in the mid-70s that Mullen met tenor saxophone player Dick Morrissey, and throughout the 1980s, he found critical notice as joint leader of the British jazz funk band Morrissey–Mullen. Record producer Richard Niles, who produced the band’s sixth album, It’s About Time, later produced three solo albums for Mullen.
Mullen has also played and recorded with, among others, Mose Allison, Hamish Stuart, Joanna Eden, Tam White, Claire Martin, Mike Carr, Jimmy Witherspoon, Dave O’Higgins and Georgie Fame, Sinan Alimanović, David Tughan and Frank Holder. Mullen has recorded as part of The AllStars, a collective of session musicians on their Paul McCartney-produced album All About the Music, alongside special guests Jocelyn Brown, Hamish Stuart and Angelo Starr.
Robert “Bobby” Sharp (born November 26, 1924 in Topeka, Kansas, † January 28, 2013 in Alameda, California ) was an American musician (piano, vocals) and songwriter, who among other things, the song Unchain My Heart wrote.
Sharp spent his childhood in Lawrence (Kansas) before moving to Los Angeles, where he lived with his grandparents during the Great Depression , while his parents, Louis and Eva Sharp, aspired to a concert tenor or athlete career in New York. In 1936, at the age of twelve, he lived with his parents in New York City. Her apartment on Edgecombe Avenue on Harlem’s Sugar Hill was a meeting place for prominent figures of the Harlem Renaissance; These included Walter White, the founder of the civil rights organization NAACP, Roy Wilkins, longtime NAACP chairman, and Aaron Douglas, an African-American artist also from Topeka. In the immediate vicinity lived Duke Ellington .
In 1943 Sharp served in the US Army in the 372nd Infantry Regiment , which was stationed in New York and Fort Breckenridge (Kentucky). After his release from the army, he studied music at the Greenwich House Music School and then at the Manhattan School of Music harmony, music theory and piano. An important mentor at this stage was bandleader Sy Oliver , a friend of the Sharp family. In the following years, Sharp tried to sell his own songs on Broadway and Tin Pan Alley; a first success was 1956 Baby Girl of Mine , which he recorded with orchestral accompaniment for the label Wing and was later covered by Ruth Brown . The song Last Night in the Moonlight he recorded under his own name for the small label Destiny. In 1960 he signed a record deal with Epic Records.
In the 1950s and 1960s his songs were u. a. Recorded by Sarah Vaughan , Sammy Davis, Jr. and most of all by Ray Charles . This played in 1961, the first version of Sharp’s most famous song Unchain My Heart , the cover versions of Trini Lopez and Joe Cocker (1987) followed. Bobby Sharp had sold the copyright of the song for only $ 50 to the musician and composer Teddy Powell , who then insisted on his co-authorship. Sharp sold his share to Powell in 1963 for only $ 1,000. In 1987, Sharp renewed the exploitation rights to the song, shortly before Joe Cocker successfully covered it.
NGC 5548 is a Type I Seyfert galaxy with a bright, active nucleus. This activity is caused by matter flowing onto a 65 million solar mass (M☉) supermassive black hole at the core. Morphologically, this is an unbarred lenticular galaxy with tightly-wound spiral arms, while shell and tidal tail features suggest that it has undergone a cosmologically-recent merger or interaction event. NGC 5548 is approximately 245 million light years away and appears in the constellation Boötes. The apparent visual magnitude of NGC 5548 is approximately 13.3 in the V band.
In 1943, this galaxy was one of twelve nebulae listed by American astronomer Carl Keenan Seyfert that showed broad emission lines in their nuclei. Members of this class of objects became known as Seyfert galaxies, and they were noted to have a higher than normal surface brightness in their nuclei. Observation of NGC 5548 during the 1960s with radio telescopes showed an enhanced level of radio emission.Spectrograms of the nucleus made in 1966 showed that the energized region was confined to a volume a few parsecs across, where temperature were around 14000 K and the plasma had a dispersion velocity of ±450 km/s.
Nat Adderley (November 25, 1931 – January 2, 2000) was an American jazz trumpeter. He was the younger brother of saxophonist Julian “Cannonball” Adderley, whom he remained very close to in his career but under whose shadow he lived for most of his life.
Nathaniel Carlyle Adderley was born in Tampa, Florida, but moved to Tallahassee when his parents were hired to teach at Florida A&M University. His father played trumpet professionally in his younger years, and he passed down his trumpet to Cannonball. When Cannonball picked up the alto saxophone, he passed the trumpet to Nat, who began playing in 1946. He and Cannonball played with Ray Charles in the early 1940s in Tallahassee and in amateur gigs around the area.
Paul Desmond (born Paul Emil Breitenfeld, November 25, 1924 – May 30, 1977) was an American jazz alto saxophonist and composer, best known for his work with the Dave Brubeck Quartet and for composing that group’s biggest hit, “Take Five“. He was one of the most popular musicians to come out of the cool jazz scene.
In addition to his work with Brubeck, he led several groups and collaborated with Gerry Mulligan, Chet Baker, Jim Hall, and Ed Bickert. After years of chain smoking and poor health, Desmond succumbed to lung cancer in 1977 after a tour with Brubeck.
Desmond was born Paul Emil Breitenfeld in San Francisco, California, in 1924, the son of Shirley (née King) and Emil Aron Breitenfeld. His father was from a Jewish family from Bohemia and Austria, and his mother was Catholic; throughout his life, Desmond was unsure of his father’s background.